History: UN reclassifies cannabis as a safe drug and recognizes it as having a medical benefit
Since 1961, cannabis has been defined as falling into the category of the most dangerous and non-medical drugs. Today, after a historic vote at the UN, members of the organization's drug committee have decided to reclassify the plant to a minimum degree level and de facto also recognizes its medical interest, which will allow for further research and the supply of cannabis on the prescription of a physician.
By a slim majority (27 for, 25 against and 1 abstention), the United Nations Commission on Drugs and the Administration (CND) has decided to adopt the recommendations of the World Health Organization (WHO) . The simple majority of the 53 States on the Commission have decided to remove cannabis and its resin from Schedule IV of the 1961 Drug Convention. This means that the medicinal utility of this plant is officially recognized, however recreational use will continue to be prohibited under international regulations.
Cannabis on prescription from an unlicensed doctor
The decision to approve the proposal will now allow all UN member states to define cannabis as a medically beneficial substance. Such a definition would allow a model of cannabis on a doctor's prescription, without the need for a license as currently required by the 1961 Drugs Convention.
It should be noted that the other five decisions that went to the ballot box on related issues were all rejected, such as:
- downgrading THC to a lower danger level
- removal of CBD from the list of drastically controlled substances
- demotion to the lowest grade of cannabis drugs -
Almost all countries in the European Union except Hungary as well as many countries in America added a simple majority of 27 votes in favor of change. This is one of the most important developments in the field of drugs in recent decades. On the other hand, the majority of Asian and African countries objected.
The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, or in its full name, the “Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961”, signed in 1961, is one of the three existing international conventions aimed at increasing multilateral cooperation against the phenomenon of drug trafficking. The convention brought together all the international agreements of the time concerning the prohibition of drug trafficking and extended control over the cultivation and processing of plants used in the production of drugs.
In addition to intensifying international cooperation, the Convention restricts the possession, use, trade, distribution, import, export, production and production of drugs, for medical and scientific purposes only. It also defines the mechanisms that a State must put in place to manage the stocks of drugs for medical purposes.
It should be emphasized that this is not a legalization or even a non-criminalization of recreational use, but rather a reassessment of cannabis to a slightly lower level of risk, but which will allow it to be defined as a medically beneficial substance and therefore issued by an unlicensed physician.