What is the legal status of CBD oil in European countries in 2018?
We often get questions asking, “Is CBD legal for Europe in 2018?”, And our short answer is YES ! CBD is legal for Europe as of 2018 - with rare exceptions. To answer this subject, we have decided to put together a quick list so that you can familiarize yourself with the laws and regulations country by country.
The CBD in Germany
According to German drug law, CBD (Cannabidiol) as a substance is not subject to strict control and regulation. In 2004, a update has been released and the exceptions specify a modification authorizing the use of hemp (cannabis) only if the THC content does not exceed 0,2%. EU (European Union) legislation and German narcotics laws harmonize and recognize that CBD oil is legal in Germany.
CBD in France
The cultivation of hemp in France has a long history and the laws show that the cultivation of hemp and CBD are legal in France. But the government bans even the slightest trace of THC present in these products. CBD oil is legal under these restrictions.
The CBD in the Netherlands (Amsterdam)
Amsterdam is known for tolerance policy and his use of cannabis. Whereas cannabis (with THC) is “really” illegal. But the public prosecutor does not prosecute this offense in the coffee-shops. You cannot have more than 5 grams of cannabis at a time. Since hemp seeds and CBD are not explicitly covered by the Dutch narcotics legislations, CBD hemp seed oil is legal in the Netherlands.
The CBD in the UK
Currently, CBD products from hemp are legal in the United Kingdom. Only if they are sold as a dietary supplement and do not make any medicinal claims. The MHRA (Medicines and Health Products Regulatory Agency)) made statements on products containing cannabidiol (CBD).
“If your products are the subject of medical claims, these products must be accompanied by a marketing authorization before being allowed to sell CBD. "
Since the MHRA has not explicitly stated that the CBD used as a "food supplement" requires a marketing authorization, the purchase of CBD is in order.
CBD in Spain
Spain and Europe have some regulation under EU law which imposes a restriction on how farmers should grow hemp. In addition, restrictions for growing industrial hemp are limited to 0,2% THC when dry. Since CBD is not a psychoactive drug, it is not covered by the 1971 UN Convention on Psychotropic Substances. As a result, CBD is legal and THC remains illegal.
The CBD in Italy
In the 1940 years, Italy was the second largest producer of industrial hemp - just behind the Soviet Union. From 2017, the Italian law number 242 initiated the "provisions for the promotion of the cultivation of industrial hemp". Industrial hemp is allowed for cultivation if the THC content is 0,6% or less.
This law was launched with the intention of making a historic comeback for the industrial cultivation of hemp and CBD products containing less than 0,6% THC.
CBD in Switzerland
In 1951, the Federal Law on Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances (cc 812.121) was assembled and from 2018, the law remains in force. This law stipulates that any hemp plant with a total average THC content of 1,0% or less becomes permitted and legal. If your hemp contains more than 1,0% of the average total THC, then it is illegal.
As with this regulation, there is no explicit law stating that CBD (cannabidiol) is not allowed. Therefore, if there is no law prohibiting a specific compound, then it is allowed. Switzerland is a member of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) and participated in the negotiation of the agreement on the European Economic Area (EEA) with the European Union.
The CBD in Austria
Austrian law only provides for a restriction on "psychotropic" cannabis. Quoted in the Austrian law on narcotic substancesthere is no restriction on CBD in Austria. Since CBD is not psychoactive, CBD is legal in Austria.
The CBD in Belgium
According to Federal Drug Note of Belgium, cannabis restrictions on its consumption limit you to 3 grams of cannabis or less. However, the production, distribution and sale of medical cannabis remains prohibited. Following numerous discussions currently in the country, CBD and its oil appear illegal….
CBD in Bulgaria
Bulgarian Law on the Control of Narcotic Drugs and Precursors indicates that certain restrictions apply to various applications of cannabis. Hemp with a THC level of minus 0,2% THC has always been legal - at some level. As there are no restrictions on hemp products, therefore, CBD is legal.
The CBD in Croatia
Croatia grows industrial hemp on large plots. CBD hemp is legal to import and buy in Croatia.You can also grow hemp in Croatia.
The CBD in the Republic of Cyprus
According to the laws of the Republic of Cyprusif THC concentrations do not exceed 0,2%, production is permitted.
CBD is legal if it comes from industrial hemp and respects the limits of THC.
The CBD in the Czech Republic
Are there restrictions or is CBD oil legal in the Czech Republic? According to Czech law, THC in cannabis has a legal limit of 0,3%. So yes, CBD oil is legal.
The CBD in Denmark
According to Danish law, the consumption of cannabis is restricted for medical and scientific purposes. A recent report has been published and legalization for more medical access could change. According to current legislation, you must have a doctor's prescription to use cannabis in any form. Therefore, CBD in Denmark is currently only available if you have a doctor who gives you permission.
The CBD in Estonia
According to Estonian law, psychotropic drugs are illegal. Since CBD is not psychotropic, it can be used legally.
The CBD in Finland
Finnish law, on psychoactive substances is restricted. But CBD is legal because it is not psychoactive. It is not listed as a banned substance, nor is its oil.
The CBD in Greece
According to Greek lawsCBD of hemp is excluded from drug control. CBD is legal if there is less than 0,2% THC.
The CBD in Hungary
According to Hungarian lawcannabis containing less than 0,2% THC is considered to be hemp. Laws do not explicitly restrict CBD; therefore, CBD is legal in Hungary.
CBD in Ireland
Under Irish law, cannabis strains containing 0,2% THC or less are permitted. If your CBD oil contains less than 0,2% THC, under EU law it is legal.
The CBD in Latvia
According to Latvian laws, Indian cannabis is not licensed for cultivation or growth. However, hemp is grown there for the production of fiber and seeds. However, CBD is not explicitly prohibited there, so its oil is legal ”e.
The CBD in Lithuania
According to Lithuanian laws, hemp cultivation can be done since 2014. Since industrial cultivation of hemp is legal, CBD is also legal because not explicitly prohibited.
The CBD in Luxembourg
According to Luxembourg law, cannabis is legal if it is less than 0,3% THC. CBD in Luxembourg is legal.
The CBD in Malta
Maltese laws, in 2015, have imposed some restrictions on cannabis and CBD. According to Maltese law, any cannabinoid extracted from any form of cannabis (marijuana or hemp) Update of 2018's Drug Dependence Law. This act legalizes medical cannabis for prescription use only. If you have a prescription from a doctor, you can legally use CBD in Malta.
The CBD in Poland
According to the laws in Poland, there are no restrictions in the law preventing the use of CBD. Hemp strains containing less than 0,2% THC have been cultivated in Poland. And for hundreds of years. There is no policy prohibiting the use of hemp in Poland. CBD oil is therefore legal.
The CBD in Portugal
In Portuguese law, there is no explicit prohibition of the CBD. Since there is no explicit limitation, CBD oil is legal in Portugal.
CBD in Romania
In Romanian law reports, no explicit ban on the CBD of hemp. Since there is no explicit ban on CBD oil, it is legal in Romania.
The CBD in Slovakia
According to Slovak law, the CBD is on the list of psychoactive narcotics of "2 Group". From now on, the Slovak law is clear and declares that the CBD and its oil are illegal.
The CBD in Slovenia
Slovenian laws reveal that industrial cannabis is exempt from the law. The cultivation laws require a low THC of less than 0,2%. CBD oil is legal in Slovenia for consumption.
The CBD in Sweden
According to Swedish lawhemp is not cannabis or THC. Since CBD is not on the list of banned substances, CBD is legal in Sweden.
Is CBD oil legal in the rest of Europe?
Is the cannabinoid called CBD legal in Europe in 2018? According to EU (European Union) law, hemp grown for “fiber” is legal if the THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) content does not exceed 0,2% or less. This regulation was specified in Regulation (EC) No 1672 / 2000 of the Board of 27 July 2000.
Hemp fiber is used to make yarn, filament, textiles. It is also manufactured as dietary substances, including cellulose, lignin and pectin. Hemp fiber contains CBD (cannabidiol) and must comply with the law governing THC limits. Therefore, if your hemp CBD complies with European legislation, it is legal.