Increase your culture with the SCROG method
The SCROG method (Screen of Green) is a technique of training and improvement of the culture. It's a bit like the SOG but smaller. SCROGING is usually done with a netting or wire mesh. This growth technique aims to significantly improve the productivity of your crops. The principle is the same as SOG, that is to say we grow small plants uniformly, trying to maximize the number of buds for a given area. Here is the guide to growing SCROG the easy way.
By analogy with SOG (screen of green), we call SCROG a cultivation technique mainly dedicated to indoor cultivation. The SOG method has been popular for years however the SCROG method is based on the same principles. Growers add a screen mesh that will maximize light exposure. This is how SCROGING is defined.
For this, we have a fence above the plants. When they reach the level of the fence or a little above, they are bent to force them to stay under the fence. Then we switch to flowering. Then we continue to hold the plant under the matrix, until the growth stops and the buds start to grow. If the job is done right, we have a canopy of leaves and a field of buds ready to explode.
The advantages of SCROG
Optimization of interior space : The interlacing of the leaves allows the deployment of the branches with a uniform size. Under these conditions almost no space will be present on the top layer of vegetation. With a net you can achieve the most effective results in terms of optimizing interior space. And this is the most important parameter of the SCROG method
Uniform canopy & level control : One of the most common problems growing cannabis in a closed space is keeping your plant uniform while growing. Despite the understandable desire for growers to provide for wild growth and fill the room with a very large flower, it is important to remember that it is necessary to maintain a distance from the light source. Especially when it comes to an HPS lamp that can burn all your growing hopes within hours.
Maximum exposure to light : The SCROG device naturally allows you to expose all the stems of your germinating plants. For these reasons, the mesh of the net considered as a multitude of receptacles exposed to the light allow to welcome the buds.
Branch support : this positive point is the physical support of the net. This support is essential, especially during the flowering phase when the same massive branches develop within a few weeks.
Long-term growth - The SCROG method has an inherent need of at least 4 to 6 weeks in order to have growing branches deployed correctly above the net. Of course, the parameter of the number of plants is important. Thus, 2 plants will take longer to cover an area of one square meter compared to 4 plants.
The problem of mobility - During the first weeks of cultivation, you can usually handle the plants and do proper maintenance. But once the branches emerge through the slits in the net, it will be difficult for you to reconfigure your growing medium. This obviously does not negate the necessary maintenance, you will need to use a sprayer to wash your plants or fight against pests with this one. Show a little ingenuity and inventiveness.
Use cuttings or feminised seeds - Today, the majority of Homegrowers use feminized seeds or cuttings. In the case of the SCROG method, it is an obligation! Unless you are a veteran, you will need to establish a homogeneous culture, the cuttings are therefore heavily used.
All the basic equipment is needed for SCROGING - i.e. lamp, ventilation, culture medium, controls, etc. But we will add some essential elements:
Cannabis plants - SCROGING generally involves 2 to 4 plants per square meter. But sometimes you can go up to more than 6 or more plants. As long as the right growing conditions are not corrupted, plants will shorten the vegetative transition time and their flowering period.
The grid or net - the net is in fact the only (almost) external equipment necessary for the implementation of this growth technique. In hydroponic gardening stores, you can obtain nets that conform to the design of the canopy. Most of the ingredients can be found in stores specializing in construction, animal handling etc.
Nylon net - easy to use and highly manoeuvrable as needed.
Plastic net - not the best choice… Make sure of the quality.
Chicken coop - the cheapest, the most available and widely used. Its main flaw is that it is awkward to work with and rusts. Ultimately, it can damage the plant.
Fishing net - Although this is a relatively strong material, it is also quite accessible and available. But many growers complain that the mesh is too thin, and what's more would tend to cut the plant.
String - suitable mainly for the assembly of small spaces.
Wire mesh - you can buy ready-to-use metal chains and arrange them like a net. However, it is recommended to ensure that the metal is coated to prevent rusting.
Fibers : Another possibility is to form a network of threads with fibers such as cotton, jute, sisal (Agave), coconut, hemp ... You can improvise from almost any material whose characteristics match to the size of the holes, i.e. 5 to 15 square centimeters.
To install the desired height of the net is necessary to establish that the walls of the growing cavity. Because of this, you can do this using the installation feet, wooden frame or simple nails (depending on the type of net and the convenience of the tower). The recommended location of the net height is between 25 and 50 cm (basic plant).
The general steps of the SCROG method
The vast majority of SCROG fabric: 75% to 85% is covered with vegetation. To arrive at this situation, it is important that the branches are deployed on the network during the period of growth. Therefore, a few general steps are needed:
1.Scrog network installed at the desired height, above the plants
2.the plants develop and reach the net
3. The plugs are distributed through the mesh
4. Now the "magic of the SCROG" take each of the branches and grow your network.
Move them gently to the next hole and in the desired direction.
Illustration of the action:
5. Continue the implementation of step 4 to cover a specific area
6. After the flowering phase, contemplate the result and pay attention if some branches do not overflow your grow space.
It should be noted
During the deployment of vegetation on the net, identify the main branches and redirect to the outer frame. This is to allow the less developed plants to obtain better lighting. In addition this prevents your upper branches from being injured by your lighting device.
In order to maximize the coverage rate of the net by your plant and this in order to optimize the production offered by SCROGING, many producers tend to integrate other breeding techniques. They are particularly practicable in the first half of the growth cycle:
Cut - There size of the plant during the first weeks of his life is important. It is usually performed after the bifurcation of the third or fourth branches. Then we will get two new growths, which helps to promote growth across the width.
Pruning - one of the most important actions during the SCROG method. Pruning involves removing any vegetation in the lower third of the plant. This makes it possible to strengthen the development of the upper regions. Pruning takes place during growth, but it will be even more necessary when your plant is in the flowering stage, no light will wait for the lower part.
Links - The technique reveals more of the art and a certain mastery of SCROGING. However, it allows you to create the desired shape, via ligatures that will be imposed on the branches.
Varieties recommended for SCROG
Another very important parameter for the success of SCROG is a selection of suitable cannabis strains. In general, we will take those that react well to this growth technique. The main characteristics that we look for are those with laterally extended growth and which have flexible branches.
Cannabis strains that meet these characteristics are usually Sativa strains. But as their long flowering period is a handicap (10 to 12 weeks), we preferred the hybrids indicated for the SCROG culture. Among these most commonly used varieties are Satori, AK47, Lemon Haze, and C99. Do not hesitate to consult Community producers using the SCROG method, to find the right strain at the moment.
The "V" SCROG
One of the most interesting ideas to improve SCROG is to establish a curved network. This results in a larger operating surface, and therefore a better harvest. Idea graphic:
SCROG half vertical
Of course, here you can make your grow matrix grow vertically, the bulb is in the middle:
Of course, here you can take it on a vertical growth in full quantity The bulb is in the middle:
It should be noted that the more sophisticated SCROG methods are not recommended for beginners. It is better to start with the simplest format (flat), repeat it until you have mastered it completely. SCROGING is a technique which necessarily leads the experimenter to professionalization.