From Canada to the UN: in response to international skepticism, the choice of legalization is supported
Canadian government gave official position on legalization to the United Nations, a year and a half after the opening of a legal and regulated cannabis market. According to the document, the black market in cannabis saw losses of 30% and the percentage of cannabis use did not increase among young people.
In response to the United Nations Commission on Drugs, the Canadian government supports the decision to legalize cannabis, detailing some of its results: harm to criminal organizations and no increase in youth cannabis use.
Canada is the largest country in the world to have legalized and the only G7 country to have industrialized this plant. Like Uruguay, which did so in 2018, Canada has also been criticized for the move by conservative international organizations, including the United Nations.
“The illegal market has already lost 30% of its profits and so far there has been no corresponding increase in the overall size of the market, ”says Michelle Boudreau, Executive Director of the Canadian Department of Drug Control. “That means almost $ 2 billion that has not reached criminal organizations. "
Ms. Boudreau has also evoked the greatest fear of opponents of legalization: an increase in cannabis use among young people. According to her, "preliminary data shows that the percentage of cannabis use has not changed among young people." In addition, smuggling abroad has not increased.
To date, the official position of the United Nations Commission on Drugs (INCB) on states that have legalized it is still "not only contrary to the United Nations Convention endorsed by the UN, but also raises public health issues, especially young people".
However, two weeks ago there was a sign of a possible change in the leadership of the INCB, with the chair of the committee presenting the annual report on drugs indicating that the international drug treaties signed decades ago needed to be changed in light of change in cannabis in many countries.