Hemp offers clear advantages for soils, production processes, renewable fuels and, more generally, the creation of a sustainable economy.
Cannabis is made up of certain molecules called cannabinoids, the two main components of which are THC and CBD (or cannabidiol), the latter being non-psychoactive. CBD has been in the headlines for several years. More generally, the cultivation of hemp opens up new industrial and ecological perspectives.
Cannabis is proving to be one of the best answers to environmental issues.
While the legal, medical and recreational aspects are often highlighted by the media, what is less so concerns the possible uses of cannabis for its advantages in soil preservation. Unlike cotton and many other plants used in textiles, hemp requires less water and does not require pesticides, and allows soil remediation (phytoremediation) - thanks to which hemp can absorb pollutants from the earth - and returns 60 to 70% of the nutrients it absorbs from the soil.
The cannabis plant has a wide range of uses, which makes cultivation an environmentally friendly alternative. This plant can provide oil used for cooking, fuel, personal care products, dietary supplements, beverages, baked goods, protein powder, beer, flour, and baby food. animals.
In addition, hemp is used in building materials (fiberboard, insulation, cement and mortar), paper products and industrial textiles. In addition, this plant has a myriad of agricultural advantages: it suppresses weeds, its roots provide aeration of the soil and allow the isolation of pollen.
This means for the planet that hemp offers the most diverse uses for our sustainability. Thus, hemp requires half the water that cotton needs to produce a 250% higher yield, because when the whole production process is taken into account, cotton uses more than four times as much water. than hemp.
Cotton production relies on pesticides, unlike hemp, which is naturally resistant to pests. In addition, its dense foliage provides enough shade to prevent or suppress the growth of weeds.
Industrial hemp agriculture, which is expected to grow almost double by 2026, to self-cultivation, the future of textiles is rapidly moving towards hemp-based production in North America.
With this idea, during New York Fashion Week, Korto Momolu presented his collection made up of 26 patterns created from hemp fabric.
Where the CBD craze may seem fleeting, the production of hemp for textiles is the case for cannabis. For example, jeans brand Levi's recently published information about clothing in " cottonized hemp ". As hemp is 100% biodegradable, this fabric is increasingly seen as a serious alternative to other fibers.
As regards the possible advantages for transport, hemp replaces sources of energy non-renewable, despite the many challenges of producing hemp biodiesel made from Cannabis Sativa Linn . Nonetheless, many scientific studies such as “Advantages and Challenges of Hemp-Based Biodiesel Production” (2015) hold great promise for the expansion of hemp for biodiesel production.
Cette étude note ce qui suit: « Les graines de chanvre constituent une option viable pour la production de biodiesel. Cela est démontré par le rendement élevé de la plante, sa capacité à pousser sur des sols stériles, sa résistance aux maladies et aux insectes. »
This report presents amazing results, among which it notes its potential for use as a basic feedstock and for the production of biodiesel fuel.
Il déclare: « Par rapport aux cultures similaires utilisées dans la production commerciale de biodiesel à grande échelle, le chanvre fournit un rendement substantiellement supérieur et une teneur en huile supérieure à celle du colza et du soja. »
« En outre, le biodiesel fabriqué à partir de graines de chanvre peut répondre aux exigences des normes ATSM D6751 et EN 14214 en matière de qualité du carburant et surpasser celui du diesel conventionnel, sauf dans le domaine de la stabilité à l’oxydation, comme c’est le cas avec d’autres produits à base de biodiesel. Toutefois, la stabilité à l’oxydation peut être amélioré avec l’ajout d’antioxydants au carburant, prolongeant sa durée de vie. «
Among all the current and future uses of hemp, we need to shift our modes of transportation and purchasing habits towards those of sustainable oils, fabrics and fuels.
There is a need to educate politicians to help legalize the cannabis plant.
Where hemp biofuels have been constantly put aside by climate change over the years , it is imperative to incorporate this new solution.
Well-being and health
CBD is marketed widely in the EU and is sold to alleviate a number of problems, from pain relief to stress to depression. Campaigns for CBD could help raise awareness of the benefits that cannabis in all its forms could offer.
Ainsi, le hemp is not limited to its recreational or medical use, but offers concrete solutions and quickly applicable to the industrial, economic and ecological problems of which the planet suffers.