Government proposes to create legal basis for new scientific knowledge on cannabis use
In Switzerland, up to 5000 people may soon be legally allowed to smoke cannabis in pilot studies. These should contribute to the development of new regulations on the use of cannabis, said the Swiss government.
The Cabinet of Public Health is proposing limited projects to ease 1951's ban on cannabis use. The government has opened the plan to the public. By the middle of the year, he will continue to evaluate the plan.
What are the rules in Switzerland?
Cannabis is best known today as a narcotic. It is available in various forms including flower and resin. It is illegal to own or consume in Switzerland. Adults who consume illegally are liable to a fixed fine of 100 CHF. The Federal Law on Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances of Art 19 states that possession of 10 grams or less will not be amendable. Persons under the age of 18 are treated under the juvenile criminal law.
In Switzerland, cannabis products with a THC content lower than 1% are already authorized. The idea took shape after the University of Bern was not able, in June of last year, to carry out a scientific study with cannabis more powerful because of the current laws.
The Federal Office of Public Health (FOPH) may grant a special authorization for the medical use of prohibited drugs. Only the doctor in charge of the case can ask permission. The patient must consent to the treatment.
Negative consequences of the ban
Cities demonstrate the negative consequences of current legislation, such as the illegal distribution of drugs in public places.
The Swiss government believes that 200000 Swiss consume cannabis illegally, despite the sanctions. "Without calling into question the general ban on cannabis, we should be able to test new patterns of regulation," they wrote in a statement. communicated.
"Cities demonstrate the negative consequences of the current legislation, such as the illegal distribution of drugs in public places, which gives people a sense of insecurity, and the high costs of reducing illicit trafficking," he said. he adds.
Some cities now want to know how controlled access to consumption, buying behavior and health of project participants affect. The government also wants to facilitate access to medicinal cannabis.
Elsewhere in Belgium
In Belgium, products below 0,2% THC can be sold, but the debate on legal consumption is still difficult. Yet, stores that offer such products are jumping on the occasion.
The way is open. A majority gave the go-ahead for the creation of a cannabis agency in the parliamentary committee on public health. This agency will be a separate service within the Federal Agency for Medicines and Health Products (FAMHP). The government will have the monopoly of production, trade, import and export.
Several states have eased restrictions on cannabis as an opportunity to save money on law enforcement and to take advantage of taxation. In Europe, Portugal and the Czech Republic have decriminalized cannabis and Luxembourg is discussing legalization.
The proposed Swiss pilot projects would be limited to cannabis, only adults demonstrating that they were already using it would be allowed to participate. The government also plans to make it easier for people to access medical hemp, but that would be part of a separate process.