After a hundred years of prohibition, the US Congress has just voted the final legalization of hemp
The federal bill will not legalize cannabis for recreational or medical purposes, but allows non-psychoactive forms of cannabis, such as the hemp plant. This initiative will now allow the growth and production of legal grass and will stimulate the new CBD industry - a molecule that can be produced from cannabis plants as defined by the DEA.
The definitive and federal return of hemp on the American territory
In the morning, the US Congress approved the new law on agriculture, which includes for the first time provisions making cannabis (hemp) legal.
Significantly, after nearly 100 years, any cannabis plant containing less than 0,3% from THC will become legal in the United States, according to federal law.
The new law was approved by the House of Representatives with a majority of support 369 vs. 47, as well as by the Senate by a majority of 87 vs. 13. We are now awaiting the final signing of US President Donald Trump.
2018's economic law effectively separates "cannabis" from "ordinary" law, thus allowing farmers who grow it to enjoy the same benefits as any other farmer who had been prevented from doing so before: banking, water supply, insurance, etc. .
Return of an industrial windfall in the US
In fact, according to one theory, hemp is the original reason cannabis was removed from the law in the last century in the United States. At that time, the plant was used to produce a wide range of products (paper, textiles, food, ropes, etc.) and was considered the future of American industry ("the billion dollar crop") ).
But with the registration of the first patent on plastic and nylon, about 90 years ago, the ban on cannabis, which actually "withdrew" them from the competition for the American industrial market, also appeared suddenly.
The Republican Senator from Kentucky, Mitch McConnell, initiator of the new lawis convinced that this law will allow the development of a huge industry and a new source of employment.
"I hope that in the future, hemp could turn the state of Kentucky from tobacco to hemp," he said.
In fact, Kentucky farmers believe that the cultivation and extraction of plant components for intensive use could offset the losses of the tobacco industrywho should be affected.
CBD in view of the growth of the American market
Another great significance can come in the context of the CBD market, the non-psychoactive cannabis component such as THC, which has become particularly popular in recent years.
The new law, which stipulates that "HEMP" (hemp) is a cannabis plant containing less than 0,3% THC, would therefore be possible for intensive cultivation producing large quantities of CBD, provided that their percentage of THC is low .
This is a complex issue that the authorities will surely demand of the authorities, even though, in the meantime, it seems to be a great opening for this huge industry.
"We still do not know how the DEA will work with the new law," says Daniel Fiumelli of the University of California, professor of neuroscience and pharmacology.
DEA spokeswoman Catherine Fluff has not agreed to say that CBD products "intended for human use" will continue to be banned by law.
During the last years, 10 US states have approved the legalization of "standard" cannabis for recreational purposes (including THC), but this is contrary to federal laws.
Hemp can be used in a wide range of industries for which it was previously used as a raw material: medical food products, textiles and even concrete.