What will happen to states that legalize cannabis?
A report from the Colorado government reveals the results of the world's first major legalization experiment: unlike the opposition, underage consumption has not increased, the percentage of graduates has continued to grow and the percentage of school dropouts has continued to decline. On top of all of that, the state has earned hundreds of millions of dollars in taxes.
This key issue has delayed any legalization movement for many years, for fear of the authorities against the consequences that could ensue. Now, five years after opening legal cannabis stores in Colorado, you can already see the results that amaze even the biggest supporters of legalization.
Un new report from the Ministry of Public Security Colorado reveals the results. Here is the summary.
Number of infractions
The number of cannabis offenses decreased by 55%, from 11 indictments in 753 to 2012 in 5. Overall, the number of petty offenses in the country decreased by 288% and the number of 2017% indictments for minor offenses.
The number of cannabis arrests decreased by 52% between 2012 and 2017, from 12 to 709 arrests. The number of arrests for cannabis exploitation fell by 6% and the number of arrests on sales by 153%.
The report stresses that "any presence of cannabinoids in the blood is not an indication of driving under the influence" and explains that the country's legal limit for driving is 5 nanograms of THC per ml of blood.
In fatal accident cases where drivers' THC levels were above the legal threshold, it accounted for only 8% of all fatal road accidents in 2017, up from 13% in 2016.
Use in adults
From 2014 to 2017, cannabis use among adults has increased slightly in Colorado, but it should be noted that the rate of cannabis use in the United States and around the world is generally rising.
According to 2017 data, about 15,5% of adults in Colorado reported using cannabis last month versus 13,6% in 2014. 7,6% of adults reported daily cannabis use in 2017 versus 6% in 2014.
In 2015, according to the report, 913 per 100000 emergency room visits were due to cannabis use, compared to 739 emergency room visits per 100000 between 2010 and 2013: slight increase due to people not using cannabis. cannabis and who have used products with a high THC concentration. The main complaints concerned: panic attacks, anxiety, rapid heartbeat, confusion and breathing difficulties.
The rate of cannabis use in the past 30 days among minors has remained virtually unchanged and even declined slightly, from 19,7% in 2014 to 19,4% in 2017. The rate of cannabis use among students High school education in Colorado in 2017 was slightly lower than the average for the United States as a whole - 19,4% in Colorado, compared to 19,8% in the United States.
Colorado's degree eligibility rate continued to rise after legalization, and the dropout rate continued to decline.
State takes advantage of taxes
The profits from the cannabis tax in Colorado have gone from 67,6 millions of dollars in 2014 to 247,4 millions of dollars in 2017, an increase of 266%.
In 2017, $ 40 million of these taxes were invested in the construction of schools and an additional $ 27,7 million in public education.
The five-year experience of innovative legalization for recreation in Colorado now contains enough data to do more than demonstrations and discuss its success.