Hemp offers undeniable advantages for soils, production processes, renewable fuels and, more generally, the creation of a sustainable economy.
Cannabis is composed of certain molecules called cannabinoids whose two main components are THC and CBD (or cannabidiol), the latter being non-psychoactive. The CBD has been in the news for a few years. More generally, the cultivation of hemp opens up new industrial and ecological perspectives.
Cannabis proves to be one of the best answers to the problems related to the environment.
While the legal, medical and recreational aspects are often highlighted by the media, less so is the potential uses of cannabis for its benefits in soil conservation. Unlike cotton and many other plants used in textiles, hemp requires less water and does not require pesticides, and allows soil remediation (phytoremediation- thanks to which hemp can absorb pollutants from the earth - and returns 60 to 70% of the nutrients it absorbs from the soil.
The cannabis plant has a wide range of uses, making its cultivation an ecological alternative. This plant can provide cooking oil, fuel, personal care products, dietary supplements, beverages, baked goods, protein powder, beer, flour and foods for cooking. animals.
In addition, hemp is used in building materials (fibreboard, insulation, cement and mortar), paper products and industrial textiles. In addition, this plant has a myriad of agricultural benefits: it removes weeds, its roots provide aeration of the soil and allow the isolation of pollen.
It means for the planet that hemp offers the most diverse uses for our sustainability. Thus, hemp requires half of the water that cotton needs to produce a higher yield of 250%, because when the entire production process is taken into account, cotton uses more than four times more water than hemp.
Cotton production is based on pesticides, unlike hemp, which is naturally resistant to pests. In addition, its dense foliage provides sufficient shade to prevent or suppress weed growth.
Industrial hemp farming, which is expected to grow almost double by 2026to self-cultivation, the future of textiles is rapidly moving towards hemp-based production in North America.
In this idea, during the New York Fashion Week, Korto Momolu presented his collection composed of 26 motifs created from hemp fabric.
Where the craze for CBD may seem temporary, hemp production for textiles is the case for cannabis. For example, the jeans brand Levi's recently published information about cottonized hemp ». Hemp being biodegradable to 100%, this fabric is increasingly considered as a serious alternative to other fibers.
As regards the possible advantages for transport, hemp replaces sources of energy non-renewable, despite the many challenges of producing hemp biodiesel made from Cannabis Sativa Linn . Nevertheless, many scientific studies such as "Advantages and Challenges of Hemp Biodiesel Production" (2015) are very promising for the expansion of hemp for biodiesel production.
This study notes the following: "Hemp seeds are a viable option for biodiesel production. This is demonstrated by the high yield of the plant, its ability to grow on sterile soils, its resistance to diseases and insects. "
This report presents some surprising results, among which it notes its potential of use as basic raw material and for the production of biodiesel fuel.
He states: "Compared to similar crops used in large-scale commercial biodiesel production, hemp provides a substantially higher yield and higher oil content than rapeseed and soybean."
"In addition, biodiesel made from hemp seeds can meet the requirements of the ATSM D6751 and EN 14214 standards for fuel quality and surpass that of conventional diesel except in the area of oxidation stability, such as this is the case with other biodiesel products. However, the oxidation stability can be improved with the addition of antioxidants to the fuel, extending its life. "
Of all current and future uses of hemp, we need to shift our transportation and buying habits to those of sustainable oils, fabrics and fuels.
It is necessary to sensitize politicians to help legalize the cannabis plant.
Where hemp biofuels have been constantly put aside by climate change over the years it is imperative to incorporate this new solution.
Well-being and health
CBD is widely marketed in the EU and is sold to address many problems, from pain relief to stress to depression. Campaigns for the CBD could help raise awareness of the benefits that cannabis in all its forms could offer.
Ainsi, le hemp is not limited to its recreational or medical use, but offers concrete solutions and quickly applicable to the industrial, economic and ecological problems of which the planet suffers.