Research: In the United States, access to cannabis leads to a marked reduction in the death rate from opiates
This recent study illustrates the impact of changing cannabis legal status on mortality in the United States over the past two decades. Based on data collected from 1999 to 2017 in an approach based on the differentiation between the effect of cannabis laws for medical, recreational and opioid overdose deaths. Research finds that access to cannabis leads to a reduction in the number of deaths from overdose of dangerous painkillers and opioids.
This research confirms the results of Previous work on medical cannabis laws and provide preliminary estimates of the impact of recreational cannabis laws with respect to opioid-related mortality to date. This latter aspect is particularly important since the scope of the laws in this area is much broader than those of the therapeutic industry.
In this study, the researchers looked at the number of deaths from opioid overdose before and after legalization since the establishment of the legal market in various US states.
In this econometric model (which aims to estimate and test the economic models), the study estimates that the recreational herb reduces the annual opioid mortality of the order of 20 to 35%, with particularly pronounced effects. for synthetic opioids. In a more in-depth analysis, the study shows how the impacts of recreational cannabis vary from one demographic group to another, which helps to better understand the consequences of these laws.
Our findings are particularly important and timely given the magnitude of the opioid crisis in the United States and the simultaneous evolution of attitudes and regulations on marijuana use.
When researchers talk about synthetic opioids, they mostly refer to drugs such asfentanyl"A drug considered the most dangerous in the world. The drug maker Fentanyl paid millions of dollars over the years to fight the legalization of cannabis and the results of the study may explain why.
The opioid drugs have caused about 47 600 overdose deaths in the United States alone in 2017, a phenomenon that has already been officially declared as an "epidemic".
A reduction of 20 to 35% of overdose deaths from prescription drugs and opioid analgesics
Researchers have not provided clear explanations for the cause of this phenomenon, repeated in many previous studies, but believe that many people with pain tend to use cannabis in self-medication rather than consulting a doctor. .
A another published study in recent weeks has also revealed a reduction in cannabis use of 8% maximum among young people from countries that have legalized on their territory.