The ACT Parliament is ready to debate and most likely to pass a bill to legalize cannabis.
At the end of the 2018 year, MP Michael Pettersson presented to the House a bill on the addiction drug amendment. If passed, this bill will legalize personal possession and use of cannabis.
A relatively tiny document that changes the definition of a cannabis offense in 1989's Drugs of Dependence Act and removes that drug from the prohibited list. "
If adopted, it will legalize possession up to 50 grams per person and allow each individual to grow four plants outdoors. Indoor cultivation or the use of artificial lighting or artificial heat sources will remain illegal.
The chances of the bill being passed are pretty good. He has the support of the Labor government of ACT and the Greens.
Although there is fear of a dispute in the high court, the question of whether it will happen and how it will happen will have an impact on the outcome of the upcoming federal election. says Pettersson
Thousands of Australians are now using medicinal cannabis to treat diseases such as chronic pain and anorexia.
But critics, and some of Australia's leading medical experts, argue that there is little quality evidence to support the use of medicinal cannabis under most conditions.
According to ABC newspaper: More than 3 100 prescriptions for medicinal cannabis had been approved by the Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) since the federal government has eased the restrictions in March 2018.
According to other experts, these people were just the tip of the iceberg. It is estimated that 100000 is the number of Australians who self-medicament with the cannabis they acquired illegally.
The challenges of research
Research on the safety and efficacy of cannabis has always been very difficult. Cannabis contains more 400 bioactive molecules, including a hundred are cannabinoids : a diverse group of natural chemicals that bind to the endocannabinoid receptors of the body to produce various effects.
The ratios of THC and CBD (and other cannabinoids) determine the choice of the product for the treatment of the disease.
Due to the inherent variability of the plant, as well as the many ways it can be administered, the types of products, doses, and research methods used in the clinical studies have varied considerably.
According to the TGA, it is therefore difficult to "draw firm conclusions" on the best way to use medicinal cannabis.
That's also why, with the exception of one product (used for muscle spasticity in multiple sclerosis), cannabis-based medicinal products are not available as prescription drugs.
In the midst of growing public interest in this drug in recent years, the National Drug and Alcohol Research Center (NDARC) conducted a systematic study of medicinal cannabis in 2017, which served as a basis for the current TGA guidelines.
Community attitudes towards cannabis are evolving and impartial research has shown that it is not a particularly dangerous substance. According to'Australian Institute for Health and Welfare In its report entitled Impact of Alcohol and Illicit Drug Use on the Burden of Disease and Injury in Australia, alcohol accounts for 4,6% of the total burden of disease and injury in Australia, 9% and cannabis only 0,1%.
Overall, the review found that the evidence was "limited" and suggested that cannabis should only be used when approved drugs have been "tried and proven to be ineffective".
In contrast, the TGA found that the strongest evidence on medicinal cannabis was found in children and young adults with drug-resistant epilepsy, for whom CBD products have been shown to reduce the frequency of 50 seizures. or more in almost half of pediatric patients.
According to Shane Rattenbury MP Green: Currently, we are considering a number of possible amendments to Mr. Pettersson's bill, which will be introduced in the 2019 debate. Although there are a number of things that we believe could improve the bill in its current form, it is unfortunately unlikely that the ATT will be able to legalize cannabis supply without approval. from the federal government.
Mr. Rattenbury indicated that it may be necessary make other changes to the technical details of the billfor example, regarding limits on where to legally smoke. The current text of the bill would make it an offense to smoke cannabis within 20 meters of a child ...
Pettersson points out that it will still be illegal to import seeds from one state to another or overseas, that any "hypothetical" of this kind would most likely be "contrary to Commonwealth drug laws." ".
The Australian Capital Territory ACT is poised to become the first state or territory to legalize cannabis in Australia in a way that will truly benefit the government and citizens surrounding the use of herbs and prevent people from entering the country. judicial system for possession.