Excessive watering of hemp plants
Water is vital for all living things, including hemp. Without a steady supply of good quality water, a culture can never really prosper and reach its full potential. Too much of a good thing can be bad! However, this certainly applies to the volume of water supplied to the plants. Excessive watering is one of the biggest mistakes made by new farmers, and too much water can be as damaging to a crop as too little.
Especially in the early stages of growth, a seedling plant appreciates good amounts of water and this need continues throughout its life, although demand varies during the different stages of the life cycle. The soil must be moist but never saturated and flooded, with pools of stagnant water. If excessive watering persists, the plants will be stunted, will not grow, and will never give a satisfactory yield.
Proper watering of essential elements
Implementing a good watering program requires assessing some important considerations in addition to the frequency and quantity of water supplied to the plants on a regular basis. Let's take a look at some of the essential considerations of cannabis horticulture that are essential for success.
Good water quality should be one of the first considerations of any good cannabis grower. Since most farmers use hard tap water, the water will need to be analyzed for pH and may require treatment or an appropriate filtration system to ensure that it is suitable for an optimal crop. Buy a pH meter and adjust the pH of your water as needed.
To grow properly, appropriate size containers with excellent drainage are required. Depending on the size of your plants, the pots should be large enough to accommodate the root system. Air Pots® and smart pots are a great way to aerate the soil and provide drainage. For solid pots, make sure there are several drainage holes in the bottom to allow complete drainage.
Always use soil that promotes root development and easy drainage. Soil mixtures with perlite and small amounts of sand, compost and other materials will help both. Coconut coir is a good alternative to the land and works well for cannabis plants. Avoid dense soils and anything that contains clay as this will prevent drainage.
Adequate ventilation of the soil
The soil should be loose and not dense so that the roots can easily grow and spread to absorb essential nutrients. Restricted roots or too small and tight pots are very undesirable for good root development and healthy plants. To promote aeration, you can drill several holes in the ground using chopsticks to obtain an adequate depth.
Healthy nutrition plan
Since the vast majority of soil additives and plant nutrients are mixed with water, you want to create a feeding program that alternates between nutrients / water and fresh, clear water. Alternating nutrient-enriched water with untreated clear water will provide your plants with a healthy nutrient plan without overdoing it.
Signs revealing excessive watering
If your plants receive too much water, they will show you clear signs to confirm this fact. Consider these warnings that your plants give you. If you act in a timely manner, you will probably be able to improve your farming practices and put your culture back on track. If you do not do the right thing, your crop will not grow and eventually perish or, at best, result in an unsatisfactory harvest.
A healthy and unstressed cannabis plant does not have droopy leaves. Falling leaves can be a sign that plants have received too much or not enough water. The leaves of the over-watered plants curl and collapse, while the plants under the water just subside. Plants that have received too little water will have dry soil on the surface as well as 2 or 3 inches below the surface. If the plants have not been deprived of water for too long, they recover within two hours of receiving the water. The affliction of having over-watered is a more sinister affliction.
In addition to falling, over-watered plants develop yellow leaves, which is a classic sign of an unhealthy or over-watered plant. If the problem of excessive watering or drainage is not corrected quickly, the plants will not be able to grow. The yellow leaves usually appear after starting to fall. The yellow color is a sign that plants do not get enough oxygen from the root system. The plants literally drown and the roots need to dry enough to start working properly.
The solution to excessive watering is simple and obvious: stop providing so much water! It means watering less often or providing less water when watering, or both.
Allow the soil of the plant to dry and, in extreme cases where adequate drainage may also be a problem, transplant it into a suitable new pot with cool, moist, non-wet soil. If you tend to water too much, smart pots (cloth) are a great alternative to conventional pots and virtually eliminate the possibility of over-watering - although you need to water more often since the soil of smart pots dries faster. Allow the root system to dry in the pot for a few days before giving it water. Carefully monitor the plants and provide the right amount of water once the plants begin to grow normally and healthily and have a green, firm leaf structure.
Proper procedure for watering cannabis
Sometimes young shoots and seedlings need more water than usual. Since they begin to grow with a single root that is soon beginning to branch, it is imperative that the early and delicate root does not dry out. Young seedlings are vulnerable to too dry conditions, so make sure the soil is very moist, but never too wet.
Once the seedlings are larger than the young seedlings and a few centimeters tall, watering should be done every other day or when the pots appear dry. As humidity varies from place to place, plants will dry out faster in some areas.
Water your plants when the soil surface seems dry. Check the dryness of the surface with the index finger. It should be a little wet about an inch below the surface. Add water until it comes out of the drainage holes and collect it on the floor or in the drip tray, if you use them. No more than 25% of the water you supply should flow. If too much water comes out or the soil surface stays wet for more than two or three days, provide less water.
Another way to check the dryness of the soil - but it can be difficult to do once the plants become large and develop large flowers - is to lift the pots to check their weight. If the plants need water, the pots will be much lighter than after watering. This method is a quick and easy way to determine if watering is necessary.
Excessive watering is one of the most common mistakes cannabis growers make, especially novices. Fortunately, excessive watering is also one of the easiest problems to solve, as long as the plants have not been seriously damaged. When watered with the right amount of water, the plants will wake up, show vibrant green colors and grow faster. Once you get used to the proper schedule and water regime, chances are you'll never have too much water.