Italy towards a Total Legalization of Cannabis - Retrospective of a chaotic legislation on the eve of a complete legalization of marijuana in Italy.
Retrospective of Italian Laws
- In 1990, the Iervolino-Vassalli law provided for non-criminal sanctions for "soft" drugs, including cannabis.
- 1993 the Italian people voted by referendum decriminalizing the possession of any drug for personal use.
- 2006 the Fini-Giovanardi law Berlusconi's government removed the distinction between hard and soft drugs. Trafficking or selling marijuana was punishable by a fine of 260 000e, and imprisonment of up to 20
- 2007, only Italian patients with cancer, sclerosis and chronic diseases have legally become available marijuana only through state licensed pharmacies.
- 2011 the Supreme Court authorizes the cultivation of a single plant for personal use, under condition of good behavior.
- 2011 a law allows licensed Italian farmers to grow hemp for the industry.
- 2013, Reato Balduzzi, the Minister of Health, authorizes the medical use of cannabis. Patients can now obtain a legal amount from licensed doctors and government-run pharmacies. The imported grass reaches a prohibitive price up to 38e the gram; a therapy that will cost up to 300 dollars a month for 25 ml of cannabis oil.
- 2014 the constitutional court decides that the Fini-Giovanardi law is unconstitutional, and returns to the provisions of that of Iervolino-Vassalli. Today, the sale or trafficking of cannabis is punishable by a fine of up to 75 000e and penalties ranging from 2 to 6 in prison.
- 2015, the Army produces marijuana In a well-kept laboratory in Florence, his researchers grow varieties that flourish with little light and little water. This is due to a state desire to reduce the prohibitive price of medical marijuana
"The goal of this operation is to provide a growing number of patients with medical products that are not always easily available on the market, at a price more attractive to the user," said Colonel Antonio Medica. "The price of one gram of cannabis could fall to 15 € per gram, perhaps to 5 €". General Giocondo Santoni heads this unit in Florence ..
Following the "extraordinary session on the world drug problem"
The 21 April 2016 UN acts the failure of the war on drugs. At this meeting, Jean-Francis Régis Zinsou, chair of the meeting concluded that the proposed solutions were based more on "a more humane, human rights-based and evidence-based approach" than on the repression of governments. The draft resolution, prepared in March, refers to "a society free from drug abuse", and no longer to a utopian "world without drugs".
July 25 2016 , following the influence of the debate organized by the UN, 218 Italian parliamentarians (right and left) sign the Draft Law for the complete legalization of cannabis, allowing recreational use, retail sale. However, consumption in public places would remain prohibited.
The law provides that the personal cultivation should not exceed 5 plants, the rest of the production being managed by the State and Army Monopoly. Consumers of cannabis can not exceed 15 grams at home, and 5 grams outside.
Italy would become the first country in the European Union to take this step of full legalization