Indica Vs Sativa - Which varieties are best suited for health?
According to the classification accepted by cannabis producers and consumers, the differences between Indica and Sativa are the psychic or physical impact and the atmosphere that accompanies it. When so-called "Indica" varieties are known to bring a sensation of physical relaxation, in contrast the varieties of "Sativa" type bring a feeling of psychic motivation. Regarding their structure, the plant Indica and in general quite low in size but more compact however Sativa varieties are mostly high in size but quite fine.
Indica and Sativa: Origin and evolution
The words "indica" and "sativa" were introduced in the 18th century to describe different cannabis species: Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica. The term sativa, named by Carl Linneaus, described hemp plants found in Europe and Western Eurasia, where it was grown for fiber and seeds. Cannabis indica, nominated by the naturalist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, describes the psychoactive varieties discovered in India, where it was harvested for its seeds, fibers and hashish production.
Characteristics of differences between Indica and Sativa
Indica and Sativa are the two main varieties of the cannabis plant. There are also so-called "hybrid" varieties that generally contain 50% Indica and 50% sativa, such as the Amnesia variety.
Indica varieties are better suited to indoor growing as they take up less volume. Sativa varieties are better suited to growing marijuana outdoors because of their size (they can reach a height of several meters).
The Psychotropic Effects of Different Strains of Cannabis
Indica varieties bring a physical effect expressed by a pleasant sensation of physical relaxation but also psychic.
On the other hand the use of Sativa varieties is more psychic, they bring a feeling of motivation and well-being.
Both species have a different medical effect, you can adjust and adjust the percentages of each variety type to create a balance that meets specific requirements.
The main qualities of Indica medicinal strains include:
- Increased mental relaxation
- muscle relaxation
- reduces nausea
- decreases acute pain
- increases appetite
- increases dopamine (a neurotransmitter that helps control the reward and pleasure centers of the brain)
- for night use
The main qualities of Sativa medicinal strains include:
- treats chronic pain
- increases concentration and creativity
- increases serotonin (a neurotransmitter involved in the regulation of learning, mood, sleep, anxiety and appetite)
- for day use
The distribution between "sativa" and "indica" is not exact
The cannabis-tolerated classification that distinguishes Indica and Sativa is inaccurate and does not necessarily describe the fundamental difference between the different varieties of hemp, including cannabis.
"We need a new classification system to provide the consumer with reliability and accuracy," says the chief scientist of the research team.
Genetic research conducted by Canadian universities in collaboration with "British Columbia" and "Dalhousie" has been published by PLoS ONE Magazine.
Indica vs. effects Sativa: What does the research say?
The study concludes that the display of the results compromises the classification system existing in the global cannabis market, in particular the differentiation between Sativa and Indica, and presents scientists with a new picture of the genetic differences between the different strains of cannabis.
The two scientists who led the research team are Jonathan Page Senior Botanist at British Columbia University and Shane Miles Researcher in Genetics at Dalhousie University in Canada.
The study carried out is considered the most important to date in the field of cannabis. In an interview with a Vancouver Sun reporter, Jonathan said, "The main reason for this study is the lack of scientific data on the subject of cannabis," according to him, because of the illegal status of the plant.
During the study 81 samples of cannabis and 43 samples of other hemp, were analyzed, the goal being to look for links between the different varieties. Because indeed cannabis is a variety of hemp, it is the Indian hemp, the one that contains the molecule THC9.
For further explanation we must add that THC (tetra-hydro-cannabinol), the most famous cannabinoids is mainly responsible for euphoria. CBD (cannabidiol), the second most famous cannabinoid, has no psychotropic effects but has exceptional medical aspects. In addition, there are a number of prominent cannabinoids (CBN, THCA, CBDA, THCV, etc.) as well as dozens of other cannabinoids that have not yet been fully studied.
Today, researchers working to develop new strains of cannabis generally work on varieties containing a higher percentage of CBD than THC in order to exploit the medical benefits of the molecule present in the plant.
After these explanations, let us return to the study carried out concerning the classification of the different strains and varieties of cannabis.
The study is based on the assumption of currently recognized species and the classification of genetic evidence.
Thus, with the majority of the samples tested, the researchers determined that in most cases there is no compatibility between the genetic characteristics on seed packaging offered by companies of different cultures, and the results of the tests. tests carried out.
At the end of the test, it was discovered that 5 samples on 82 met the criteria reported by the producers.
In conclusion, some of the samples that were described as "100% Sativa" are infused with "Indica" origin. The researchers also found that some of the "Indica" variety samples, mostly from Afghanistan, are genetically more similar to industrial hemp than cannabis (Indian hemp).
"Cannabis growers report the percentage of Sativa or Indica on all species but they are not precise at all," say researchers
John Paige concludes with: "At this time, the genetic identity of cannabis plants on the market can not be determined with precision, and we need a new classification system, proposed by a reliable and accurate classification . "
We can say that today it is still difficult to obtain a classification and to be able to affirm that it is an Indica or Sativa variety. It is therefore necessary to learn about a variety before declaring its origin Indica or Sativa.
Advances in cannabis research are such that we can expect a clearer and more accurate classification in the near future. Waiting for you to judge what benefits your plant brings you ...